Globalization and Multilateral Interaction › Regional Connectivity
鄭宏泰、尹寶珊。（2013）。《「自由行」十年回顧：探討香港與内地的融合進程與嬗變》。香港：研究專論第226號，香港中文大學香港亞太研究所。Zheng, V., & Wan, P. S. (2013). The Individual Visit Scheme: A decade in review — Exploring the course and evolution of integration between Hong Kong and the mainland. Hong Kong: Occasional Paper No. 226, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. (In Chinese)
Hong Kong Mainland China Regional Integration
2003年推出的自由行（內地居民以個人身份到香港旅遊）政策，是香港與中國內地融合進程發展的轉捩點。值此政策推出十周年的日子，本文利用香港亞太研究所於2004和2012年進行的民意調查，結合政府公布的相關重要客觀統計數據，再從自由行的進程，以及民意的不同立場和觀點，多角度深入分析近年來香港與內地加強融合交流，反湧現不少矛盾與爭拗背後的原因所在，並由此帶出兩地經濟及社會發展近年呈現「三重逆轉」— 包括香港與內地經濟發展動力逆轉、消費套戥逆轉，以及兩地旅客往來流向（由過往的單向轉為雙向）逆轉 — 的結構性問題，進而討論香港應如何在「一國兩制」框架下維持其多元包容、自由開放的制度，才能在強化競爭力的同時，鞏固其獨特地位。
The Individual Visit Scheme (whereby mainland residents can travel as individuals to Hong Kong) launched in 2003 was a turning point in the process of integration between Hong Kong and mainland China. On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the introduction of this policy, we draw on data from the opinion polls conducted by the Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies in 2004 and 2012, along with relevant important and objective statistics released by the government, to conduct an in-depth analysis of the reasons why, amidst the increased integration and exchanges between Hong Kong and the mainland in recent years, many contradictions and disputes have emerged. We examine the subject from the different positions and viewpoints of the Individual Visit Scheme and the progress of Hong Kong-mainland China integration. These contradictions and disputes have revealed a “triple reversal” in the socioeconomic development of the two places — namely, the structural problems of a reversal in the momentum of economic development between Hong Kong and the mainland, in the pattern of consumption arbitration between the two places, and in the flow of travellers between them (from the previous one-way flow to the present two-way flow). We then discuss how Hong Kong should, under the framework of “one country, two systems”, maintain its pluralism and inclusiveness, and its free and open system, to consolidate its unique position while strengthening its competitiveness.