Politics and Institutional Change › Constitution and Institutions
王家英、尹寶珊。（2009）。《政策表現與政府認受性：民意對香港政府的政策啟示 》。香港：研究專論第201號，香港中文大學香港亞太研究所。Wong, T. K. Y., & Wan, P. S. (2009). Policy performance and government legitimacy: Policy implications of public attitudes for the Hong Kong government. Hong Kong: Occasional Paper No. 201, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. (In Chinese)
Government Hong Kong Social Attitudes
This article analyses data from a telephone survey to assess the relationship between policy performance and government legitimacy in Hong Kong. The study shows that the government’s policy performance is the foundation of its legitimacy, as measured by public satisfaction and trust towards the government. As the global financial crisis deepens, the people’s level of dissatisfaction with the government’s performance in various policy areas remains high. To cope with mainstream policy expectations and to soothe the discontented masses, the most urgent priorities for the government are to develop industries with long-term prospects and to tackle the problem of unemployment. A failure to meet such expectations would mean that the government will continue to come under pressure and its legitimacy will suffer. At the same time, local people remain deeply sensitive about political issues, which directly affects their level of satisfaction and political trust towards the government. Before a broad consensus in society is reached over future political reforms, it is crucial for the government to strengthen the inclusion of public opinion in policy formulation and to improve the performance of the political appointment system. This will relieve the pressure on it to institute political reforms.
Given the abovementioned public attitudes, local political parties should not be complacent, partly because their satisfaction and trust rating are in fact lower than that of the government and partly because the local people widely expect them to be better than they currently are at reflecting the views of the public and to help the government run society.