Society and Demographic Transition › Marriage and Family
Ma, J. L. C., Wong, T. K. Y., Lau, Y. K., & Lai, L. Y. (2012). The effect of socioeconomic status and family structure on parental warmth and parental control in a Chinese context: Implications for social work practice. Asian Social Work and Policy Review, 6(3), 265–281.
Family Parenting Social Work
We report the results of a telephone survey conducted in 2008 in Hong Kong, which aimed to identify Chinese parents’ parental warmth and parental control (guan) and to explore their relationship with the sociodemographic characteristics of the parents. The respondents perceived themselves to be warm (mean = 3.44) and educating their child (mean = 3.46). The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the five sociodemographic characteristics explained 15.8% and 8.2% of the variance in parental warmth and guan respectively. The mothers were warmer than the fathers; parents with higher monthly household income, higher educational attainment and with their smallest child young in age were warmer than parents of lower household income, lower educational attainment and with their smallest child older in age. However, parental guan did not vary among the five sociodemographic characteristics except educational attainment. Implications of the study for social work practice are discussed.